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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 94-99

Clinical characterization of consecutive patients treated with endovenous radiofrequency ablation of the great saphenous vein in Northwest China

1 Department of Ultrasound, Xijing Hospital of the Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, China
2 Department of Ultrasound, The First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China
3 Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing Charity Hospital, Beijing, China
4 University of California, Davis, Vascular Center, Sacramento, CA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Liwen Liu
Department of Ultrasound, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2589-9686.376921

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INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to characterize consecutive patients in Northwest China treated with endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and foam sclerotherapy over a 10-month period in 2020. METHODS: A total of 55 (31 men) patients were analyzed. An ultrasound examination was performed preprocedure and at set intervals up to 6 months postprocedure. The clinical-etiological-anatomical-pathophysiological classification, Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS), and heaviness, achiness, swelling, throbbing, and itching (HASTI) score were used. RESULTS: Ultrasound confirmed 23 (41.8%) patients had unilateral disease and 32 (58.2%) had bilateral disease. Of the total 87 limbs, C2 predominated (42;48.3%). At 6 months postprocedure, VCSS improved in the C2, C4, C5, and C6 classes (P < 0.001); HASTI improved in the C2, C3, C4, and C5 classes (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This is one of the few clinical characterizations of patients who had RFA and foam sclerotherapy in Northwest China. Overall, both the VCSS and the HASTI score demonstrated improvement postintervention.

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