Psychological effects of COVID-19 on hospital staff: A national cross-sectional survey in mainland China
Jianming Guo1, Lianming Liao2, Baoguo Wang3, Xiaoqiang Li4, Lianrui Guo1, Zhu Tong1, Qinghua Guan1, Mingyue Zhou3, Yingfeng Wu1, Jian Zhang1, Alan Dardik5, Yongquan Gu1
1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
2 Center of Laboratory Medicine, Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
4 Department of Vascular Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
5 Department of Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
Dr. Yongquan Gu
Department of Vascular Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Institute of Vascular Surgery, Capital Medical University, Beijing
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the psychological impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) outbreak on medical staff in China.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In February 2020, an online survey was carried out by using an online survey tool (WeChat) to evaluate the effects of the outbreak on the mental health of medical staff in China.
RESULTS: A total of 11,118 medical staff responded to the survey. About 4.98% of the respondents reported middle and high levels of anxiety, while 13.47% of the respondents reported middle and high levels of depression since the COVID-19 outbreak. Nurses, frontline medical staff, and younger medical staff were more likely to have anxiety and depression than physicians, nonfrontline medical staff, and older medical staff.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the serious psychological impact of COVID-19 is not so common in medical staff in China, programs are needed to protect them against the negative impacts of COVID-19.