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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-24

Endovascular treatment of the superficial femoral artery aneurysm infected by typhoid Salmonella


1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining 272029, China
2 Department of Gynecology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining 272029, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Song Jin
Department of Vascular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, No. 89, Guhuai Road, Jining 272029
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/VIT-D-21-00003

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Salmonella aortitis accounts for approximately 40% of all infectious aortitis. Superficial femoral artery aneurysm infected by Salmonella typhi has rarely been reported. The study reported a 71-year-old Chinese woman with a previous history of nephrotic syndrome and long-term oral hormone therapy, who was admitted to the hospital with a gradually increasing pulsatile mass in the right thigh and pain. After admission, computed tomography angiography revealed rupture and bleeding of an aneurysm in the middle and lower segment of the right superficial femoral artery (SFA). The aneurysm of the SFA was satisfactorily isolated by the covered stent. The bacterial culture of the secretion from the punctured mass showed the S. typhi infection. Based on the results of the drug sensitivity test, the patient received anti-infective treatment for 4 weeks. The patient recovered well after 1-year follow-up.


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